Abbreviations

An explanation of abbreviations commonly found in vintage patterns.

AbbreviationDefinition
alt.alternate
beg.beginning
cont.continue
dec.decrease
g.st.garter stitch
inc.increase
k.knit
k.w. knit wise (insert point of right-hand needle into the front of the stitch as if to knit)
m.make
o.over
p.purl
patt.pattern
p.s.s.opass slip stitch over
p.w. purl wise (insert point of right-hand needle into the front of the stitch as if to purl)
rep.repeat
sl.slip
st.stitch
st.st.stocking stitch
sts.stitches
t.b.lthrough back of loop
tog.together
w.b.wool back
wl.wool
wl.fwd or wl.fd. wool forward (used to make a stitch between knit stitches - bring wool under the needle to the front)
wl.bkwool back
w.o.n wool over needle (used to make a stitch between a purl and a knit stitch - take wool from front, over the needle to the back)
w.r.n wool round needle (used to make a stitch between purl stitches - take wool from front, over the needle and back to the front)